Welcome to Newbourne's website

Welcome to Newbourne's website

Newbourne is a  small village and civil parish in the county of Suffolk, England. It lies on the peninsula between the Rivers Orwell and Deben, 8.5 mles east of Ipswich and 5 miles south of Woodbridge.

The name Newbourne is commonly accepted to derive from the Old English words for 'new stream.' However, it has also been put forward that its origins may be from the Old Norse words for 'nine springs,' which is supported by the large number of nearby springs and other villages in the local area with names of Old Norse origin.

Village services

Facilities available in Newbourne include:

  • The Fox Inn [1] public house a Grade II listed building dating from the late 17th to early 18th century [2]
  • the Church of St Mary
  • a village hall, for community use and functions
  • a playground for children on the side of the village hall- The Rev' John's Revelry
  • a number of plant nurseries
  • a farm shop, selling local produce and craft items [3]
  • a mobile library, which visits on alternate Wednesdays
  • a camping and a caravan site

History

The length of human habitation at Newbourne is unknown but record of the settlement is found in the Domesday Book of 1086 under the name 'Neubrunna'

In the 1881 census the total population of Newbourne is recorded as 141. This decreased in each census thereafter, with a low of 81 in 1931, until in 1951 the census showed a significant increase to a total population of 291. This rise in population was primarily due to the influx of people brought into the village by the Land Settlement Association. Today the estimated population of Newbourne is 260.

Land Settlement Association

The Land Settlement Association was set up in 1934 as an experimental scheme to provide unemployed workers from depressed industrial areas with employment on the land. Successful applicants received agricultural training and each family was given on average 5 acres and livestock to rear. Recruitment into the scheme ended with the start of World War Two and eventually the settlements were dissolved and privatised in 1983. Newbourne was one of the areas involved in the scheme and its legacy can still be seen in the large number of commercial greenhouses, plant nurseries and roadside produce stalls remaining in the village and local area. There are still a small number of "growers" left the largest is Virginia Nurseries.

Church of St Mary

The Church of St Mary is a Grade I listed building and the parish church for Newbourne. The church building is medieval in origin with its nave and chancel dating to the 12th century and a number of expansions and restorations occurring in subsequent centuries. [5]

During the Great Storm of 1987 the Victorian stained glass of the east end was blown out. Rather than recreate the new windows in the previous style a more modern form was commissioned. The new window also includes a fragment of the original windows, in the form of the face of Christ, that was found intact amongst the rubble after the storm. [6]

In the graveyard are buried the brothers George and Meadows Page. During the 1800s they were known as the Newbourne Giants and were part of a traveling circus. At the time of his death in 1870 it is said George was 7 feet 7 inches (2.3 m) tall. They lived in the Giants Cottage located next to the Fox Inn. Meadows was slightly shorter at 7 feet 4 inches, he gave up circus life in 1875 and died in 1917. [[6]

Newbourne Hall

Newbourne Hall is the old manor house of Newbourne. It is a Grade II* listed building which dates back to the 14th century. It is part timber framed and plastered and part red brick and is built in a general 'T' cross form with a 17th-century extension and a 21st-century west wing. [7] The hall is open for viewing by appointment only.

Newbourne Springs

Newbourne Springs is a small nature reserve and Site of Special Scientific Interest SSSI on the edge of the village. It is composed of a range of habitats, primarily broadleaved and mixed woodland with some areas of marsh, fen and heathland. It is currently managed by Suffolk Wildlife Trust on behalf of Anglian Water who own the land. Due to the large number of springs within its area it was used as a source of water for Felixstowe and the surrounding area by Anglian Water until the 1980s. Today the old pumping station has been converted into a visitors centre for the reserve. During autumn and winter months regular volunteer working parties help with maintenance of the reserve. A number of public footpaths run from the village through Newbourne Springs. [8][9][10]

References: acknowledgement to wikipedia

1. "The Fox Inn" www.debeninns.co.uk

2. "Details for IoE Number: 285050". Images of England, English Heritage

3. "Newbourne Farm Shop"

4. "Image details - Place name: Newbourn, Suffolk" The National Archives

5. "Details for IoE Number: 285048" Images of England English Heritage

6. "St Mary, Newbourne" www.suffolkchurches.co.uk

7. Images of England English Heritage

8. "SSSI unit information - Newbourn Springs - Unit 4" Natural England

9. "Newbourne Springs" Suffolk Wildlife Trust

10. "Newbourne Springs Nature Reserve" www.newbourne.org.uk

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